In Timothy Mitchell’s “Rule of Experts: Egypt, Techno-Politics, Modernity”, he discusses the parasitic nature of capitalism and its effects on the lower tiers of society; the poor. He gives the example of two parasites that invaded Egypt in 1942. One of these invaders was human and the other an insect. The humans caused great devastation with their greed and desire for war. The insects caused many deaths as well as the mosquitos carried malaria which is often fatal. At the time there was nothing being done to aid in the prevention of malaria and a full blown epidemic broke out. In the span of just three years, it is estimated that three-quarters of a million people may have contracted the disease and between one and two hundred thousand died. The war coupled with the outbreak caused many problems. It was even suggested that the enemy brought the mosquitos to Egypt on its ships and tanks.The people were left with poor crops, no food, and more susceptible to illness. Malaria turned to Yellow Fever and then to Typhoid. The connections between a war, an epidemic, and a famine depended on connections between rivers, dams, fertilizers, food webs, and interactions (or lack thereof).
“No one writing about Egypt in this period describes this interaction. There are studies of military tactics, irrigation methods, Anglo-Egyptian relations, hydraulic en- gineering, parasites, the sugar industry, and peasants. But there are no ac- counts that take seriously how these elements interact”.
At the center of the problem was the desire to control or make into profit the flow of the waters of the Nile. Capitalism was the reason that there was not proper communication between parties and the mosquitos grew into an epidemic.
Depression was likely to have been widespread among the people suffering from famine and disease as well as loss of loved ones.